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Getting More Out Of Apache (part 2)
Learn about Apache's authentication, logging and URL rewriting capabilities.

| Identity Check |

If you've been paying attention, you'll have noticed that there's one thing missing - the authorization file itself. And Apache comes with its own little utility to create the file - it's called "htpasswd".

Switch to the directory specified in the AuthUserFile directive above, ad run the "htpasswd" command to create a file containing authorized users - you might see something like this:

AuthType Basic
AuthName "Top-Secret Information"
AuthUserFile /usr/local/apache/auth/mfre/users
require valid-user

And if you peek into the file "users", you'll see that the user has been added to the file - the garbage next to the user name is the password you just entered, in encrypted form.

AuthType Basic
AuthName "Top-Secret Information"
AuthUserFile /usr/local/apache/auth/mfre/users
require valid-user

You can add as many users as you like using the method above (remember to omit the -c parameter, though, since that's only used when creating a file for the first time)

With everything in place, start up your browser and point it to the directory you just protected. The Web server should immediately pop up a dialog box asking for a username and password, and will only allow you to view the contents of the directory if you enter the correct values. Ain't that cool?

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